Travel Health
Advice • Information

From: World Travel Guide

Travel Health Advice and Information
Wherever you are in the world, life is a constant battle for your body, even though you aren't usually aware of it.
From the smallest viruses to the biggest parasites, the coldest polar winds to the hottest desert sun, our bodies are constantly trying to protect us from ill health.
So be as prepared and as informed as possible before you travel to minimise your chances of having your holiday ruined by illness.

To find out what immunizations and medications you and your dependants may need, you are advised to consult a qualified health care professional before you travel.

African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness)
This is a parasitic disease that is spread by the tsetse fly and found in many sub-Saharan African countries... more about African Trypanosomiasis

Altitude Sickness
Altitude sickness is a reaction to reduced atmospheric pressure at high altitudes normally over 2,200 meters, causing lower levels of oxygen to be available... more about Altitude Sickness

Bird Flu (Avian Influenza)
Bird Flu (Avaian Influenza) is a highly contagious disease that normally only affects birds, but that has infected humans who have been in direct contact with infected birds... more about Bird Flu

Buruli Ulcer (Mycobacterium Ulcerans)
Buruli Ulcer is a skin disease that causes necrotic ulcers to develop usually on the limbs... more about Buruli Ulcers

Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)
Chagas Disease is a tropical parasitic disease that is caused by the parasite known as Trypanosoma Cruzi... more about Chagas Disease

Chickenpox is an virus that produces an itchy skin rash followed by several raised red lumps often covering the face, chest and back... more about Chickenpox

Cholera is a bacterial disease, caused by the bacterium Vibrio Cholerae which can prove fatal without prompt medical attention... more about Cholera

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever
This is a serious and potentially fatal disease that is often spread by the bite of an infected Hyalomma tick... more about Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, often in the legs that can be fatal if left untreated and is a concern for many travellers during long journeys... more about Deep Vein Thrombosis

Dengue Fever (Breakbone Fever)
Dengue Fever is a virus spread by the Aedes mosquito and largely affects tropical and sub tropical urban areas... more about Dengue Fever

Diphtheria is a highly contagious bacterial infection that is easily spread through close contact with airborne respiratory droplets and personnel contact... more about Diphtheria

Dysentery (Shigella Dysenteriae et al)
Dysentery is a disorder of the intestines that is commonly caused by bacteria or parasites... more about Dysentery

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF)
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever is a potentially fatal viral disease that is easily spread through close contact... more about Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

E Coli (Escherichia Coli)
E Coli are a large group of bacteria that are present in both humans and animals and can cause conditions such as severe food poisoning, urinary infections, anaemia and in some cases death... more about E Coli

Filariasis (Elephantiasis)
Filariasis is a parasitic disease that affects the lymph system... more about Filariasis

Food Poisoning (Campylobacter)
Food poisoning is the result of eating or drinking contaminated food or water, which can cause a wide range of unpleasant symptoms that range from mild to more severe... more about Food Poisoning

Frostbite is the result of damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by exposure to prolonged freezing temperatures... more about Frostbite

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can affects both men and women... more about Gonorrhea

Guinea Worm (Dracunculiasis)
Guinea Worm is a painful parasitic infection that is caused by the drinking of water contaminated with water fleas containing the Dracunculus larvae... more about Guinea Worm

Haemophilus Influenzae
Is a potentially fatal bacterial disease that mainly affects children under 5 years of age and requires immediate medical attention in unvaccinated children... more about Haemophilus Influenzae

Heat Exhaustion
Heat exhaustion is caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures, accompanied with dehydration due to lack of fluid intake... more about Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke
Heat Stroke occurs when the body becomes excessively dehydrated and becomes unable to cool itself down, if left untreated it can be a potentially life threatening condition... more about Heat Stroke

Helminthiasis is a parasitic infection that commonly affects the intestinal tract and is often caused by inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene... more about Helminthiasis

Hepatitis is a condition that affects the liver and has several symptoms and causes... more about Hepatitis

HIV and AIDS refers to a virus that compromises the immune system by destroying specific blood cells that are used to fight off disease and infection... more about HIV and AIDS

Hypothermia is caused when the body's core temperature drops below 95 degrees Fahrenheit and can be fatal if left untreated... more about Hypothermia

Flu (Influenza)
Influenza is a well known viral infection that is highly contagious and can be a serious illness that requires prompt medical attention... more about Influenza

Japanese Encephalitis
Japanese Encephalitis is a viral infection which if mild can cause flu like symptoms but if severe can cause brain damage and be fatal... more about Japanese Encephalititis

Jet Lag
Jet Lag is a physical condition caused by rapidly crossing several time zones which disrupts a persons natural circadian rhythms... more about Jet Lag

Lassa Fever
Lassa fever is a viral infection, endemic to parts of West Africa that can often be fatal... more about Lassa Fever

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania that is spread by the bite of infected sand flies... more about Leishmaniasis

Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)
Leprosy also known as Hanson's disease after the doctor who discovered it, is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae bacteria and requires prompt treatment... more about Leprosy

Leptospirosis (Weil's Disease)
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease that is often found in tropical and sub tropical areas... more about Leptospirosis

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium bacteria and is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito... more about Malaria

Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever
Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever is caused by a rare and highly infectious virus which is endemic in Central and East Africa... more about Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever

Measles is a viral infection that can be particularly harmful to anyone who has not previously had the virus or been vaccinated against it, in particular children... more about Measles

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that can affect any area of the body, if left untreated melanomas can be fatal... more about Melanomas

Meningitis is a serious condition that occurs when the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord become inflamed, this is often due to a viral or bacterial infection... more about Meningitis

Motion Sickness (see Travel Sickness)

Mumps is caused by a viral infection which affects the salivary glands and can be vaccinated against... more about Mumps

Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)
Onchocerciasis also known as River Blindness is a parasitic infection transmitted by the Black Fly... more about Onchocerciasis

Philariasis (see Filariasis)

This is when inflammation of the lungs occurs, often due to a bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection... more about Pneumonia

Polio (Poliomyelitis)
Polio is a viral infection that can produce either mild or very severe symptoms that can leave those infected with irreversible paralysis... more about Polio

Rabies is caused by a virus that is transmitted through the bite of an infected animal and is fatal if prompt medical attention is not sought... more about Rabies

Ross River Virus
Ross River Virus is transmitted via the bite of a mosquito and causes a temporary yet debilitating illness... more about Ross River Virus

Rotavirus is an contagious viral disease that causes symptoms such as watery diarrhoea, the virus can affect anyone but largely affects children who seen particularly susceptible... more about Rotavirus

Rubella (German Measles)
Rubella, also known as German Measles is a highly contagious virus that is known to produce a rash that typically lasts for three days... more about Rubella

Salmonella is a bacteria that is found in both animals and humans and can cause intestinal infection... more about Salmonella

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection found in tropical and sub tropical regions, left untreated the disease can be fatal... more about Schistosomiasis

Smallpox is a highly contagious disease that is caused by the variola virus and if left untreated can be fatal... more about Smallpox

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that if left untreated can cause severe complications and even death... more about Syphilis

Tetanus (Lockjaw)
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that is also known as lockjaw due to the facial stiffness and spasms that can occur in the area... more about Tetanus

Tuberculosis is a highly infectious and potentially deadly bacterial infection... more about Tuberculosis

Tularemia (Rabbit Fever)
Tularemia also known as Rabbit Fever is a bacterial disease that is transmitted through contact with infected animal such as a rabbit or hare... more about Tularemia

Travel Sickness
Motion sickness (aka Sea Sickness, Car Sickness, Air Sickness) while not generally considered to be a serious condition for most people, can just spoil part of a holiday, or completely incapacitate a traveller for the duration of the journey, and extend beyond the trip that caused it... more about Travel Sickness

Typhoid Fever
Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that is often caused by poor hygiene and sanitary conditions that leads to sewage contaminating food and drink supplies... more about Typhoid Fever

Venous Thrombosis
A venous thrombosis is the formation of blood clot within the veins, if left untreated complications such as a pulmonary embolism can occur which can be fatal... more about Venous Thrombosis

Yellow Fever
Yellow Fever is a serious viral disease that is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and South America and is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito and has a high fatality rate... more about Yellow Fever

Travel Health Advice and Information Resources

WHO (World Health Organization)
Address: Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
University of Munich Tropical Institute
The Travel Clinic
Address: 3292 Bayview Avenue, Suite 308, North York, Ontario M2M 4J5, Canada

International Society of Travel Medicine
Address: PO Box 871089, Stone Mountain, Georgia 30087 0028, USA