Peru Travel Guide
Information • Advice • Tips

From: South America Travel Guide

See also: Peru Travel InformationPeru Travel Advice Peru Travel Tips Peru Festivals and Events LimaCuzcoRegions of Peru

Peru Travel Guide
Peru is as evocative a place in the world as there can be for ancient culture set as it is with its beautiful lofty Andean heights sloping dramatically down to the Amazon jungle below, it is truly the emerald in South America's crown.

Situated in South America, Peru has the South Pacific Ocean on its Western side, and is bordered by Chile to the South, Bolivia and Brazil to the East and Columbia and Equador to the North. The Cities around Peru especially Lima the Capital City are starting to become ever more upmarket and tourist friendly while still retaining their cultural traditions and immense charm.

Peru Weather
Along the south coast during the winter months of June to September there is little rain but it does rain further along the northern coast due to the tropical climate. Temperatures along the south coast are between 15 and 30 *C during the spring and summer months of September to March and 15 to 20*C during the Autumn and winter months of April to September.

In the mountains the months of June to September are often sunny and warm during the day but cold during the night. December to April sees the most rainfall which is often heavy at times. The temperature varies depending on altitude which can be as low as freezing going up to around 18*C. The Amazon Rainforest stays fairly warm and rainy all year round with temperatures averaging between 18 and 36*C with the occasional cold spells between May and September where the temperature can drop to around 15 *C.

Peru Transport Guide
To enter Peru you will need a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining on it after your departure date.

Amazon Basin (Low Basin)
The area of the Amazon Basin takes up well over half of Peru and is still very much untouched and rich in both plant life and wildlife with thousands of species of birds, reptiles, insects, mammals and fish. Visitors to Amazonia will find themselves travelling on the greatest river in the world on anything from a dugout canoe to a river boat, surrounded by the magnificent jungle in all its splendor.

There are a few small villages located within the southern region of the Amazon, which reaches as far as the borders with Brazil and Bolivia.

The northern part of the Amazon runs all the way to the borders with Colombia and Brazil and has the major port and town of Iquitos as the starting entry point, which can be easily reached by plane from Lima.

The villagers in the Amazon are known to be hospitable and friendly and on many tours you'll get the chance to interact with them and often see them fishing on the river as well as farming and hunting. It is worth knowing that most flooding occurs from December through to May and is often referred to as the rainy season with the dry or lower water season being between June and November when the waters start to rise again sometimes quite dramatically.

The Andean Mountain Ranges
Peru's Mountain ranges are some of the most spectacular in the world and beautifully separate the amazon basin from the coastline which is roughly only 100 miles away from the mountain ranges at any one point and which run along the full length of Peru and beyond and contain several scattered remains of the Inca empire situated within, most impressively the city of Machu Picchu and the dramatic scenery that can be found along the Inca trail. The Andean mountain ranges have many unique mountain area's that are filled with many rare and beautiful plants and animals such as Andean Condors and Hummingbirds as well as glaciers, snow capped mountains, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and canyons that are all breathtaking in their own right.

Peruvian Coast
Peru's coast offers an excellent variety of beach activities such as surfing, swimming, windsurfing and also dune bugging and sandboarding in the desert. Although the coast is surrounded in many areas by arid desert there are many archaeological wonders and ancient sites such as that of Arequipa which is also called the 'white city' due to many of the buildings being made out of white volcanic rock. There are also the well known Nazca Lines which were famously left in the ground by the Nazca people and are spectacular when viewed from the air. And the ruins from the Paracas Necropolis are also well worth a visit.

The sea is teaming with marine life and and is well known to be one of the best fishing areas around with local fishermen regularly going out in boats which are still traditionally made of a reed called Totora along with larger modern commercial vessels going out from ports such as Callao which also has a great deal of navy history stored in the popular Museo Naval. The area of Ica also known as Huacachina is popular for its stunning lagoon, exhilarating dune buggy trips and especially for sandboarding which takes place on the very large and steep sand dunes which are located all around, if you are after a little bit less of an adrenaline rush then there is also the Regional Museum of Ica.

Cities, Regions and Areas of Interest
There are 25 regions or districts within Peru, each with its own city, sights and attractions for in depth exploration of the country. The main city is Lima which is the capital of Peru... More about the Regions Of Peru

There are plenty of quality handmade products to be found all over Peru with many of them available in the city of Lima and Cusco. There are also many traditional markets such as the large one at Pisac, just outside Cuzco which draws in a huge crowd for its Sunday Market where you can have a go at haggling to purchase a wide range of goods such as woven tapestries, alpaca garments, musical instruments, necklaces, decorative masks, jewelry, silver wear and home wares such as several wonderfully decorated ceramic vases and bowls.

For those seeking boutiques and slightly more upmarket shops and small malls then head to Miraflores, just outside Lima which is well known for its more luxurious hotels and shops and also for its beautiful beach. If you are after top quality Alpaca clothing, antiques and galleries then head to Arequipa and if you are after some beautiful hand painted pottery and exquisite jewelry with silver and gold filigree work then Catacaos in Piura will not disappoint.

Peru Flora and Fauna
The Amazon region has well over 2,500 species of fish, more than 1200 species of birds, around 300 species of reptiles and several species of mammals.

Peru Travel Attractions Guide
Peru has a colourful history with many ancient civilizations leaving their mark, one of the most well known attractions in Peru is the lost Inca city of Machu Picchu and once you start exploring you will find many more ancient treasures along the way. The country also offers plenty of museums and rare artefacts as well as some breath taking scenery and unbeatable flora and fauna.

Peru Adventure Travel Guide
Peru has plenty to offer the adventurist as well as the popular Inca Trail the countries beaches, sand dunes, rivers, mountains and valleys will also keep you entertained regardless of where you are.

There are several religious and cultural festivals held throughout the year all over Peru. Festivals such as the International Spring Festival, La Vendimia Wine Festival and the Inti Raymi Festival are a few of the many festivals which are rich in colour, history and often the scene of much celebration. Other popular events are the National Marinera Contest and the International Surfing Tournament in Huanchaco.... More about Peru Festivals

Peru cuisine is a wonderful blend of color and flavour with several regions each having their own speciality dish. Traditional foods often blended together ingredients such as potatoes of which there are several varieties and are also indigenous to Peru, several different types of hot peppers, garlic, peanuts which are also indigenous to Peru, lemons and rice.

One drink that is special to the area of Pisco where it first originated from is Peru's National drink called Pisco which is a Peruvian Brandy which also makes up a well known cocktail called Pisco Sour. The drink called Inca Kola which was first introduced in 1935, is a soft drink that is popular all over Peru and is yellow in colour with a sweet fruity flavour.